Tanzania is located in the southeast of the African continent. It has about 40 million inhabitants which are lead by a democratic government. The official languages of Tanzania are English and Swahili. There are approximately equally as many Muslims as Christians who live together peacefully.
Mount Kilimanjaro, the Maasai Mara, the Serengeti and Zanzibar Island are only some of its most popular destinations.
Even though Tanzania is considered to be one of Africa's poorest countries it shows an annual GDP growth of 6%. Because of the increasing demand of electricity, energy supply is currently one of the most important challenges for Tanzania:
- Energy production: The majority of Tanzania's energy supply comes from hydroelectric plants. A smaller portion of electricity is derived from coal and gas. More frequent and longer lasting power outages are a problem during droughts.
- Infrastructure: The population is spread over the entire country. Thus, a central energy supply system is not considered profitable or practical. Currently, only 10% -20% of the population has access to the government's energy supply.
- Electricity theft: This is a growing problem in Tanzania. Lack of financial support makes it difficult to secure wiring from potential theft.
- Bureaucracy: The centralized coordination of the governmental energy supply system is in Dar es Salaam. New electric connections and maintenance are frequently delayed for several months because of high levels of bureaucracy.
For these reasons, the only feasible solution that is both economically and ecologically sound is to decentralize the production of energy through renewable energy sources:
- Constant energy generation: Existing empirical data show that the solar panel output is proven to be reliable and predictable.
- No outages: A constant energy supply will allow computers and refrigerators to function reliably.
- Constant voltage: Locally produce energy is not subject to voltage fluctuations which will result in less damage to electronic appliances.
- Responsible usage: Studies show the economic advantage of locally coordinated community goods (cf. Elinor Ostrom).
- Simplified administration: Shortening administrative channels and simplifying administrative oversight will facilitate more reliable maintenance and consumer payment.
- Ecologically valuable: In the long run there is no alternative to renewable energies.